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Old Testament Overview - Job to Song of Solomon

Job: A man who stood alone, but was not alone.

Key Events:  We are given a look behind the scenes (1:1-12).  (1) We are introduced to Job, a righteous man. (1:1)  ("Uz" – It was a land east of the Jordan River.  Job probably lived some time during the lifetimes of the Patriarchs of Israel—during the time of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; but he lived in a land to the east of them.)  (2) We are told of a conversation between God and Satan. (1:6-12) See also Deut. 33:2; Ps. 82:1, 89:5, 7; I Kings 22:19-23; Isa. 6:1-3, 14:13  ("Have you considered my servant Job?  There is no one on earth like him; he is blameless and upright, a man who fears God and shuns evil." 1:8)  (Satan responds by charging that Job only has obeyed God because God had blessed and protected him.  God allows Satan to take away these blessings. 1:9-12)  (God puts a limit on what Satan can do to Job. 1:12)

The first test (1:13-22)  (1) The test (1:13-19)  (Four messengers come one at a time and tell Job that in four incidents he has suddenly lost his family, his shepherds, his servants, his herds, his camels, his donkeys, and his oxen.)  (2) Job's response (1:20-22) ("Naked I came from my mother's womb, and naked I will depart.  The Lord gave and the Lord has taken away; may the name of the Lord be praised." 1:21)

The second test (2:1-10)  (1) God speaks to Satan: Job passed the test! (2:1-3)  ("he still maintains integrity" 2:3)  (2) Satan states Job will fail if he (Satan) is allowed to strike him physically. (2:4-6)  (God allows it. 2:6)  (3) Satan strikes Job with painful sores. (2:7-8)  (4) Job's wife says, "Curse God and die." (2:9-10)

Introduction to the third test (2:11-3:26)  (1) Enter Job's friends (?) (2:11-13)  (2) Job pours out his heart to his friends. (3:1-26)  (Job curses the day he was born. 3:1-19)  (Why is life given to those who only experience misery? 3:20-26) 

Cycle #1 between Job and his friends (4-14)  (1) Eliphaz (4-5)  (You have encouraged others; now, encourage yourself. 4:1-6)  (Somehow, you have brought these troubles on yourself. 4:7-11)  (Eliphaz says that a spirit has spoken to him. 4:12-16 He received a mystical message. We know, though, that was not a message from God. See 42:7-17)  (God will not bless Job because he is resentful. 5:1-7)  (God reaches out to the needy, so you should cry out to God as one who is needy. 5:8-16)  (2) Job's response  (6-7)  (Sure I'm emotional, wouldn't anybody be emotional if he was going though what I am going through? 6:1-13)  (Instead of getting help from you, I get your judgment. 6:14-23)  (Show me my sins and I will be quiet. 6:24-30)  (My life is complete misery. 7:1-5) ("I despise my life" 7:16)  ("Why have you made me your target?" 7:20)  (3) Bildad (8)  (How long will you keep spouting air?  Your family has been judged because of your sins.  If you are humble and purify your heart, God will forgive you. 8:1-7)  (4) Job (9-10)  (You are right, who am I to argue with God? 9:1-20)  (God can destroy both the wicked and the blameless, so what can I do but make it worse? 9:21-23)  (I need someone to mediate between God and me. 9:32-35)  ("why then did you bring me out of the womb?" 10:18)  (5) Zophar (11)  (Oh that God would answer "your idle talk" and show you that you are not "flawless." 11:1-6)  (Zophar is the most insensitive and harsh of Job's friends.)  (How arrogant you are to think that you can understand God's ways. 11:7-12)  (How stubborn you are, for all you need to do is to turn from your sin. 11:13-20)  (6) Job's response (12-14)  (You seem to think that you are all wise and that "wisdom will die with you," but I also have a mind and "I'm not inferior to you." 12:1-3)  (You have not told me anything that I did not already know.  "You are worthless physicians, all of you." 13:1-5) "Though he slay me, yet will I hope in him." 13:15)  (Job wants God to "withdraw" His "hand" from him; and he wants to get together and talk it all out with Him. 13:20-28)  (He wants God to leave us alone. 14:1-6)  (He describes his hope for resurrection.  14:14-17)

Cycle #2 (15-21)  (Job's friends become harder on him and more insensitive to him.)  (1) Eliphaz (15)  (If you were truly wise, you would not talk as you do and you would not keep on spouting air. 15:1-6)  (You talk as if you are the "first man ever born" or as if you have a special "hot-line" to God.  "The aged are on our side."  And how come you are getting so hot about this? 15:7-13)  (2) Job (16-17) (If the tables were turned and you were in my position, I could also make long speeches and wag my head at you, but I would not; instead, I would encourage you. 16:1-5) (God is my advocate. 16:18-21)  (3) Bildad (18)  ("When will you end these speeches?" 18:2)  (4) Job (19)  ("How long will you torment me and crush me with your words? 19:1)  (You are using "my humiliation against me." 19:5)  (Job cries out to God: "I've been wronged" and "there is no justice," God does not respond to him. 19:6-12)  (Because of God's anger toward me, my friends, my relatives, and my neighbors scorn me. 19:13-19)  ("Have pity on me, my friends." 19:21)  ("I know that my Redeemer lives." 19:25)  (5) Zophar (20)  (You offend me. 20:1-3)  (You are experiencing God's anger toward you as He is angry toward the rest of the wicked. 20:4-29)  (6) Job (21)  (The wicked do prosper; so, you are incorrect. 20:4-15)  (It is not as simple as these counselors say it is—for both the good and the evil suffer tragedy. 21:16-34)

Cycle #3 (22-31)  (1) Eliphaz (22)  (God does not benefit when a man is righteous. God is not obligated to be good to you, Job, because you have done right. 22:1-3)  ("Is it for your piety that" God rebukes you?  Eliphaz was right here.  It was because of Job's righteousness that Job was suffering.  But Eliphaz was assuming a negative answer. 22:4)  (Eliphaz rebukes Job for his wickedness.  22:5-9)  (Eliphaz accuses Job of specific sins.  He was wrong in each case. 22:5-11)  (Then, he tells Job to repent. 22:21-30)  (2) Job (23-24)  (Job does not know where to find God, so he can talk to Him about what has happened to him. 23:1-17)  (Job ponders why God does not judge the wicked at "set times." 24)  ("The eye of the adulterer watches for dusk; he thinks, 'no eye will see me.'" 24:15)  (3) Bildad (25)  (No man is pure before God—so you Job are not pure. 25:1-6)  (4) Job (26-31)  (Job belittles the counsel he has been given. 26:1-4)  (Job exalts God. 26:5-14)  (Job makes a final claim to innocence. 27:1-6  "I will never admit that you are in the right." 27:5)  (His enemies will meet the fate they are accusing him of. 27:7-23)  (Men can find precious metals, yet they are unable to find wisdom. 28:1-28)  (Job looks back on better days. 29:1-25)  (Job ponders his present state. 30:1-31) He is scorned by those who once admired him. 30:1-15  The good life he once lived has been replaced by suffering and pain. 30:16-19  He cries to God, but he feels that God has turned on him. 30:20-31)  (Job pleads his innocence. 31:1-40)

Elihu (32-37)  (1) Elihu is angry with Job for justifying himself. (32:1-5)  (2) Elihu did not speak earlier because he is younger in years. 32:6-22)  ("Pay attention, Job and listen to me; be silent and I will speak." 33:31)  (3) Elihu's second speech (34)  (He accuses Job of charging God with injustice. 34:1-9)  (But we wise men know that God can do no wrong. 34:10-15)  (God does what is just.  34:16-30)  ("Job speaks without knowledge; his words lack insight." 34:35)  (4) Elihu's third speech (35)  (Is it right for you to want to be cleared by God and is it right for you to also feel that there is no profit in not sinning? 35:1-4  God does not listen to the prayers of the wicked; that is why he is not listening to you. 35:5-16)  (5) Elihu's fourth speech (36-37)  (Elihu assures Job that he gets his knowledge from a distance and all that he says is, therefore, accurate. 36:1-4)  (God is mighty yet fair, and so He tells those who are afflicted why they are suffering. 36:5-12  As the book of Job shows, this is not true.  God does not tell Job why he is suffering.)  (The godless are resentful and cry to God for help. 36:13-14)  (Job, God is wooing you to Himself, so do not turn to evil. 36:15-21) (Elihu extols God and His work. 36:22-37:25)

God speaks (38:1-40:2)  (Job is rebuked for talking out of ignorance, and is told that rather than him questioning God, now God will question him. 38:1-3)  (God questions Job—were you co-Creator with me? 38:4-40:2)  Job's response (40:3-5)  (Job realizes his unworthiness before God's great glory.)

God speaks again (40:6-41:34)  (Do you believe that you can run the universe better than me?  Can you tame the mightiest of animals?)  (God describes two completely formidable creatures that are much more powerful than a man.  There names are "behemoth" and "leviathan."  They do not sound like any animal we know today.  Instead, it appears that God is describing dinosaurs.  40:15-41:34)  Job's response (42:1-6)  (Job is humbled by God's words and "repents in dust and ashes.")  (Note: God did not accuse Job of specific sins, and Job did not confess any sins, but he does confess his foolishness for speaking about what he does not know.)

Epilogue (42:1-17)  (1) God's verdict on Job's friends (42:7-9)  (God is angry with them and commands them to go to Job and offer a burnt offering before him, and only after Job prays for them will they be forgiven.)  (2) Job's restoration (42:10-17)  (God restores Job's family to its original size and blesses his possessions two-fold.)

Key People:  God, Satan, Job, his wife, Eliphaz, Bildad, Zophar, Elihu

Key Verses:  1:8-12, 21, 2:3-8, 9-10, 6:12-13, 7:16, 9:1-14, 32-33, 12:1-3, 13:15, 20-28, 16:1-5, 20, 19:25, 24:15, 28:12, 29:1-25, 31:1, 2-40, 32:18-20, 33:31,  38:1-3, 38:4-42:6 (41:12-14, 40:15-41:35) 42:1-6, 7-16

Key Teachings:  We need to be careful when we give counsel to those going through a painful time, so that we are not like Job's counselors were. (13:1-5, 12, 16:1-5)  No matter what our troubles are, there is always the hope of the resurrection. (14:14, 19:25-27)  There is a Redeemer. (19:25) (A prediction of Jesus Christ, our Redeemer.)  Job's righteous behavior provides us with an example to follow. See 29:1-25, 31:1-40  Elihu spoke because he was about to burst.  That is not a good time to speak. (32:18-20)  We should trust God's wisdom, love, and sovereignty and not put Him on trial. (38:1-41:33)  God's sovereignty—He is in charge even when it does make sense to us. Our suffering is not the only thing in the universe that is out of His control. Our suffering is also under God's control. (38:1-41:34)  Had Job seen dinosaurs? (40:15-41:34)

Psalms:  The battle for the sunshine

Key People:  David, Asaph, sons of Korah

Key Psalms:  1, 2, 8, 19, 22, 23, 27, 32, 37, 38, 39, 42, 43, 45, 51, 63, 73, 84, 88, 89, 90, 91, 100, 110, 119, 127, 133, 136, 139, 150

Key Teachings: The Psalms help us to deal with various types of emotional moods.  There are Psalms that help us with every type of emotional mood—guilt (32, 38, 51, 103), despair (42-43, 77), persecution (2, 37, 73), sickness (23, 91), pride (8) and other moods.  They lead us to praise and thank God (8, 100, 136, 150).  They predict the coming, death (22) and rule of Christ (2, 8, 45, 110).

Proverbs:  The wisdom that comes from a fear of God

Key People:  Solomon, wise men, fools, the adulterer, Agur (see Prov. 30:1), Lemuel (see Prov. 31:1)

Key Verses: 1:7, 20-33. 2:1-11, 12-19, 3:5-6, 11-12, 13-18, 4:18-27, 5:1-19, 6:6-11, 12-15, 16-19, 10:9, 12, 17, 11:15, 22, 12:15, 16, 24, 25, 27, 13:1, 20, 24, 14:7, 12, 15:1, 5, 16, 17, 16:2, 17:14, 22, 28 18:2, 8, 15, 17, 19:5, 8, 11, 20:1, 4, 19, 21:13, 22:6, 15, 22-23, 23:1-3, 9, 29-35, 24:17-18, 25:10, 11, 16, 27, 26:6, 12, 22, 27:1, 5-6, 17, 29:1, 30:8-9 24-25, 31:10-31

Key Teachings: Wisdom begins with the fear of God. (1:7, 8:10)  Be willing and eager to listen to wisdom. (1:20-32, 19:8, 20)  Cry out and seek after wisdom. (2:1-11, 8:1-36)  Do not listen to fools. (1:8-19, 2:13-19, 6:12-15)  Do not be lured away by the adulteress. (5:1-20, 6:20-29, 7:1-27)  Listen to your father's wisdom. (3:1-13, 12:15, 13:1)  Wisdom is more valuable than gold. (3:13-18, 16:16)  Do not be a sluggard. (6:6-11, 12:24, 27, 19:15, 24, 20:4, 21:25-26, 22:13, 24:30-34, 26:13-16)  Benefit from God's discipline. (3:11-12, 10:17, 13:18, 15:5, 12,)  Pride comes before a fall. (11:2, 13:18, 16:18, 18:2, 12)  Overlook insults. (12:16, 29:11)  Kind words cheer the discouraged. (12:25)  Guard what you say. (13:3)  Pride breeds quarrels. (13:10)  Be a companion of the wise, not fools (13:20 14:7)  Discipline your children for their good. (13:24, 22:6, 15, 23:13-14, 29:15, 17)  Do not be quick tempered. (14:17, 26,29:11)  A gentle answer turns away wrath. (15:1. 18)  We ignore our own sin. (16:2, 21:2)  God is sovereign. (16:4, 6, 9, 33, 19:21)  We do not recognize the way to death. (14:12, 16:25)  Do not start quarrels. (17:14, 20:3)  Do not gossip. (18:8)  Listen before answering. (18:15, 29:20)  We need to hear both sides of an issue before coming to our conclusion. (18:17)  A liar will be punished. (19:5)  We need to forgive. (19:11)  Do not get drunk. (20:1, 23:29-35)  Care for the poor. (21:13, 22:22-23)  Do not be a glutton. (23:1-3)  Do not give wisdom to a fool. (23:9)  Do not gloat when your enemy falls. (23:17-18)  Do not betray a confidence. (25:10)  Do not eat too many sweets. (25:16, 27)  Do not be wise in your own eyes. (26:12)  Do not listen to gossip. (26:12)  "Do not boast about tomorrow." (27:1)  "better is open rebuke than hidden love." (27:5-6)  Be a friend in time of disaster. (27:10)  Iron sharpens iron. (27:17)  Those who reject correction are destroyed. (29:1)  Too much money and too little money are both bad. (30:8-9)  Save money to prepare for the future. (30:24-25)  The description of a godly wife. 31:10-31)

Ecclesiastes:  How to live a full life in an empty world.
Life – God = emptiness!  Life + God = fullness!

Key TeachingsLife – God = emptiness! (1:1-6:9)  (Trying to find meaning without God leads to one dead-end road after another.)  (1) Life without God is "meaningless." (1:1-2)  (2) Life without God, seems like an endless and meaningless series of cycles: we work so we can eat and we eat so we can work. (1:3-11) ("Life under the sun" is life without a relationship with the eternal God who is above the sun.)  (3) Learning without God is also "a chasing after the wind." (1:12-18)  ("what is twisted cannot be straightened." 1:15  Even with all of our inventions and thousands of years of learning, our world is still broken.)  (Greater knowledge only leads to a greater knowledge of the problems of life: "with much wisdom comes much sorrow." 1:16-18)  (4) Pleasure is not the answer. (2:1-3) (Solomon sought pleasure with his "mind still guiding him with wisdom." 2:1-3  It was not the mindless pleasure of the drunken partier.)  (5) Possessions do not satisfy. (2:4-11)  (6) Hard work leads to others benefitting from our  labors, but not appreciating them. (2:17-23)  (7) God adds enjoyment to our eating and drinking. (2:24-26) (Thanking God enables us to enjoy what He gives us.)  (8) Wisdom about God's timing adds meaning and joy to our lives. (3:1-11)  ("He has made everything beautiful in its time." 3:11a)  ("He has also set eternity in the hearts of men." 3:11b  We need an infinite God who lives for eternity and adds His infinite meaning to our lives to satisfy us.)  (9) Injustice that is not judged is a hard reality in life. (3:16-17)  (10) Oppression of the weak is present in our world. (4:1-3)  Workaholism is meaningless. (4:7-8)  ("Two are better than one." 4:10-12)  (11) There is corruption in government. (5:8-15)  (12) Solomon describes the empty rich. (5:10-12) (The rich man is so worried about losing his riches that he cannot sleep.)  (13) Life plus God brings enjoyment. (15:18-20)  (God wants us to enjoy His gifts to us. 5:19)  (With God, we even can enjoy "toilsome labor." 5:18)  (14) If God does not give us the ability to enjoy riches, we will not enjoy them. (6:1-2)  (15) He who dies with the most toys does not win; he loses. (6:7-9) (Without God, they will bring him nothing but emptiness.)

Life + God = fullness (6:10-12:14)  (1) Choose humility I. (6:10-12)  (Don't fight God and his ways, go along with them.)  (2) Choose sobriety over frivolity. (7:1-6)  (3) Choose contentment in bad and good times. (7:13-14)  (4) Choose the fear of God. (7:15-18) See 3:14, 5:7, 8:12-13, 12:13  (5) Choose wisdom. (7:7:19-22)   (6) Choose humility II. (7:23-24)  (7) Submit to authority. (8:2-8)  (8) Authority that rules unjustly will not succeed. (8:9-13)  ("When the sentence for a crime is not quickly carried out, the hearts of the people are filled with schemes to do wrong." 8:11)  (9) Fear God even when injustice occurs. (8:14-17)  (When injustice occurs, we are to look beyond the injustice to God who still has everything under His control.)  (10) Do not deny that we will die. (9:1-10)  (11) Do not despair when your wisdom is not recognized. (9:13-18)  (12) Choose to keep your composure in the presence of the foolish. (10:4-9)  (13) Develop skills. (10:10)  (14) Control your tongue. (10:12-20)  (15)  Be giving, it will come back to you. (11:1-6)  Enjoy your youth while it lasts. (11:7-12:8)  (Do not let worry control you. 11:10)

Solomon's conclusion (12:9-14)  (1) Wise words are like "goads." (12:9-11)  (Solomon was very careful in the choosing the words of Ecclesiastes, so that they would be very effective in spurring his readers in the right direction.)  ("firmly embedded nails"  He used words that would help us to remember what he taught—so his words would hang some place in our memories.)  (2) The conclusion of the matter: Fear God and keep His commandments. (12:13-14)  (We fulfill our purpose on earth and our life is meaningful when we fear God and obey Him!)

Key Verses:  1:1-2, 3-11, 12-18, 2:1-3, 24-26, 3:1-8, 16-17, 4:1-3, 9-12, 5:18-20, 7:1-6, 13-14, 20*, 26, 27-29, 8:1, 9, 11, 9:3, 7-10, 10:8-0, 10, 20, 11:1-2, 6, ll:7-12:8


"days of trouble" = old age
"before the sun and the light and the moon and the stars go black" = darkening of mental abilities.
"and the clouds return after the rain" = there are fewer good days, as we get older (one tough time is followed quickly by another tough time.)
"the keepers of the house tremble" = arms and hands
"and the strong men stoop" = legs
"the grinders cease" = teeth
those looking through the windows grow dim." = eyes get weaker
"doors to street are closed" = ears (We cannot hear what is outside anymore—it is like the doors are closed.)
"rise up at the sound of the birds" = get up early and get less sleep
"afraid of heights and dangers" = afraid of heights because we lose our agility and can easily fall.
"almond tree blossoms" = white hair
"grasshopper drags himself along" = an old person's crippled gait
"desire is no longer stirred" =  our hungers and desires grow weaker
"silver cord is severed" = spinal cord
"golden bowl is broken" = skull and brain
"pitcher is shattered" = the heart

The Song of Solomon: A royal love song.  It is a poetic song that describes the experience of love between king Solomon and a maiden.  It symbolically describes our love relationship with Jesus Christ.

Key Events: Maiden:  She desires his love, she is drawn to him, and wants to be taken away by him. (1:1- 3)  ("Take me away with you." 1:3)  (Typical of our desire for Jesus' love, our being drawn to Him, and our desire that He would take us with Him. See I Thess. 4:13-16)  Maiden: She is insecure because she has become so darkened by the sun as a result of her brothers requiring her to work in the sun in their vineyards. (1:5-7) (Typical of how we can feel darkened by sin and unacceptable to Jesus.)  (Friends: Go and find him: "follow the tracks of the sheep." (1:8)  (The maiden appears to believe that he is a shepherd.)  Solomon: He sees her as beautiful. (1:9-11)  (He uses poetry to describe her beauty.)  Maiden: Her love grows stronger. (1:12-14) (He is like a perfume that she continually smells and he is beautiful like flowers in an oasis.)  (Typical of our love for Jesus Christ growing stronger.)  Solomon: He extols her beauty. (1:15)  She extols how handsome he is to her. (1:16)  Solomon: He remembers how they met in a forest of "cedars" and "firs." (1:17)  (Typical of our remembering when we first fell in love with Jesus Christ.)  Maiden: I am just a common flower. (2:1) (The "lily" she speaks of is like a flower that grows wild—almost like a weed.)  (Typical of how ordinary we each are.)  Solomon: You stand out to me like a "lily among thorns." (2:2)  (Typical of how special we are to Jesus.)  Maiden: His love for her is like a banquet hall with a banner over it declaring his love for her. (2:3-15)  (He protected her, they were very intimate with each other, and his love for her strengthened her. 2:3-6)  ("Do not arouse or awaken love until it so desires." 2:7 See also 3:5, 8:4  Love is voluntary; it cannot be forced.)  ("Come with me" 2:10, 13  Solomon comes like a "gazelle" or a young stag" and invites her to "come away with" him.)  (He appears to come to her home in the country and invites her to walk with him in the forest.  It was during the spring" "the winter is past" and "flowers appear.")  (Typical of the beauty of our relationship with Jesus Christ after a winter period of not being close to Him.)  Solomon: He wants to get closer to his shy and guarded maiden. (2:14-15)  (He is concerned about the little things that creep in and destroy relationships—"the little foxes that ruin the vineyards." 2:15)  Maiden: She poetically describes their physical intimacy. (2:16-17)  Maiden: She expresses her fear that he might not return, but then she finds him (3:1-4) (Typical of our concern about Jesus' return.)  (Solomon's procession comes to take her to the castle. (3:5-11)  (Typical of Jesus' return to take us to His heavenly home.)  Solomon: He describes her beauty in very poetic language on their wedding night. (4:1-7)  ("You hair is like a flock of goats descending from Gilead."  Is this a compliment?  The black hair of goats coming down a mountain on a hazy day was beautiful.  So, her beautiful black hair was beautiful.)  (He requests that she, in her mind, would leave her forest home behind and make her home with him. 4:8)  Solomon: He describes how his love for her has smitten him. (4:9-11)  Solomon: He describes her virginity in poetic words. (4:12-15)  Maiden: She poetically invites him to consummate the marriage. (4:16)  Solomon poetically describes the consummation of the marriage. (5:1)  Maiden (at a later time): She describes her feelings when her husband Solomon was gone. 5:2-8)  (She appears to have dreamed that he returned, only to find when she opened the door that he was not there. 5:2-6a) (In looking for him, she is beaten by the night watchman. 5:6b-8)  Maiden: She describes her husband in glowing terms—"he is altogether lovely." 5:10-16)  (Typical: It could describe a time when we wander from our relationship with Christ and desire to have it back.)  Friends: Where has your lover gone?  Maiden: He is gone for a while. (6:2-3)  Solomon: He once again extols her beauty. (6:4-9)  Solomon: He goes to see if their love is still "in bloom." (6:11-13)  Solomon: He returns to her and once more poetically extols her beauty. (6:13-7:9a)  ("Shulammite"—the "feminine form of the word 'Solomon,' meaning 'Solomon's girl.'" (NIV Study Bible note)   Maiden: She invited him to join her in an expression of love. (7:9b-13)  Maiden: She expresses her desire for greater closeness between him and her. (8:1-4)  Maiden: True love perseveres against all that comes against it; and it cannot be bought with money. (8:6-7)  Friends: Her brothers protected her until she was old enough to be married; and now she has given herself to Solomon. (8:8-10)  Maiden: She uses Solomon's ownership of a vineyard and receiving a payment from those who rented it to describe how she is giving herself to him. (8:11-14)  (Solomon and the maiden: They renew their love for each other. 8:13-14)  (Typical of our love relationship with Jesus Christ.  We need to be careful, so that we do not lose our first love. See Revelation 2:4-5)

Key People: Solomon, the Shulammite maiden (6:13)

Key Verses:  2:1, 4, 7, 14, 15, 3;5, 9-11, 4:1-15, 5:10-16, 8:4, 6-7

Key Teachings:  Marriage should be filled with romance.  Love cannot be forced; it is voluntary. (2:7, 3:5)  Jesus is "altogether lovely." (5:16)  "His banner over" us "is love." (2:4)

Old Testament Overview Studies

Old Testament Overview
Table of Contents
Old Testament Overview Outline
Old Testament Overview Genesis
Old Testament Overview Exodus to Deuteronomy
Old Testament Overview Furniture of the Tabernacle
Old Testament Overview Dress of Priests and High Priest
Old Testament Overview Dress of High Priest
Old Testament Overview Canaan: What Can it Teach Us?
Old Testament Overview Israel, God's Kingdom
Old Testament Overview Moses—Failure the Backdoor to Success
Old Testament Overview The Mosaic Covenant
Old Testament Overview The Ten Commandments
Old Testament Overview The Offerings
Old Testament Overview Uncleanness
Old Testament Overview The Priesthood
Old Testament Overview The Festivals
Old Testament Overview The Nazirite Vow
Old Testament Overview Joshua to Ruth
Old Testament Overview Prophecies of the Redeemer—Genesis to Ruth
Old Testament Overview I and II Samuel
Old Testament Overview Saul and David Compared
Old Testament Overview Jonathan and David Compared
Old Testament Overview The Davidic Covenant
Old Testament Overview I And II Kings
Old Testament Overview Israel's and Judah's Kings
Old Testament Overview Divided Kings who Divided
Old Testament Overview Criticisms of God's Actions in the Old Testament
Old Testament Overview Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther
Old Testament Overview Ruth and Esther Compared
Old Testament Overview Job to Song of Solomon
Old Testament Overview Proverbs: Wise Man or Fool?
Old Testament Overview Isaiah
Old Testament Overview Jeremiah
Old Testament Overview Daniel
Old Testament Overview Hosea
Old Testament Overview Joel
Old Testament Overview Amos
Old Testament Overview Obadiah
Old Testament Overview Jonah
Old Testament Overview Micah
Old Testament Overview Nahum
Old Testament Overview Habakkuk
Old Testament Overview Zephaniah
Old Testament Overview Haggai
Old Testament Overview Zechariah
Old Testament Overview Malachi