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Old Testament Overview - Joshua - Ruth

Joshua: Conquest of Canaan the Promised Land—it symbolizes our battle for Christ's rule and His possession of us in every area of our lives.

Key Events:  The preparation for the battle (1-5).  (a) The land God promised to Israel described (1:1-4)  (b) The promise of victory (1:5)  (c) God's encouragement to Joshua to be strong (1:6-7)  (d) God's encouragement to Joshua to know and obey His book so he would prosper (1:8)  (e) God's encouragement to Joshua to not be afraid (1:9)  (f) The people pledge support to Joshua (1:16-18)  (g) The two spies are sent out and are protected by Rahab. (3-4)  (h) Circumcision and the celebration of the Passover precede going into the land. (5:4-12) (We are able to be victorious because we are spiritually circumcised and because Jesus Christ already won the victory for us on the cross. Colossians 3:11-15)  (i) Joshua meets his Commander (5:13-15)  Victory over Jericho God's way (6)  Defeated by Ai because of Achan's sin (7)  Victory over Ai God's way (8)  The Gibeonites' deception (9)  The sun stood still (10:12-14)  Hebron given to Caleb (14:6-15)  The Cities of Refuge (20:1-9)  The town given to the Levites (21)  (48 towns, 21:41) (God's chosen tribe permeated Israel)  Joshua's farewell addresses (23-24) (the Mosaic Covenant renewed, 24)

Key People:  Joshua, two spies, Rahab, Achan, the Gibeonites, Caleb

Key Verses: 1:6-9, 2:9-11 (James 2:25), 5:13-15, 23:6-11, 24:13-15

Key Teachings1. We need to take to heart the way Israel prepared for battle so that we also will be prepared for our spiritual battle.  God has through Jesus Christ already won the victory for us. (Philippians 4:13; Colossians 2:11-5; Hebrews 2:14-15)  "'Be strong and courageous, because you will lead these people to inherit the land I swore to their forefathers to give them. Be strong and very courageous. Be careful to obey all the law my servant Moses gave you; do not turn from it to the right or to the left, that you may be successful wherever you go. Do not let this Book of the Law depart from your mouth; meditate on it day and night, so that you may be careful to do everything written in it. Then you will be prosperous and successful. Have I not commanded you? Be strong and courageous. Do not be terrified; do not be discouraged, for the Lord your God will be with you wherever you go.'" (Joshua 1:6-9)  2. We need to fight the battle God's way. (6-9)  3. We need to cleanse our lives from sin, so that we will be victorious. (7)  4. We need to see the enemy with God's eyes. (2:9-11)  5.We need to be careful not to be deceived as Joshua was deceived by the Gibeonites. (9) 6.We need to permeate our world as the Levites permeated Canaan. (21)  7.We need to seek to have no unconquered territory in us, as Israel still had unconquered territory in Canaan.  8.We need to choose to serve the Lord.  "'But if serving the Lord seems undesirable to you, then choose for yourselves this day whom you will serve, whether the gods your forefathers served beyond the River, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land you are living. But as for me and my household, we will serve the Lord.'" (Joshua 24:15)

Judges: Israel does what is right in their own eyes (Sin—Israel turns to other gods; Servitude—Israel is overrun by another nation; Supplication—Israel cries out to God for deliverance; and Savior—God raises up a savior like Deborah, Gideon, and Samson.)

Key Events:  Incomplete conquest of Canaan (1:1-2:5)  The sin, servitude, supplication, and savior cycles:  The cycle summarized (2:6-3:6)  The Othniel cycle (3:7-11)  The Ehud cycle (3:12-30)  The Shamgar cycle (3:31)  The Deborah and Barak cycle (4:1-5:31)  The Gideon cycle (6:1-8:32) (the defeat of the Midianites with 300 soldiers—God purposely decreased the army to this size, 7)  The Tola cycle (10:1-2)  The Jair cycle (10:3-5)  The Jephthah cycle (10:6-12:7)  The Ibzan, Eloh, and Abdon cycles (12:8-14)  The Samson cycle (13-16) (his unique birth, 13; his foolish choice to marry a Philistine woman, 14; Samson kills many Philistines, 15; Samson and Delilah, 16:4-22; Samson's death—giving into Delilah led to Samson's death, 16:23-30)   Israel's disobedience gets worse (17-21) (idolatry, 17:1-5; self-will, 17:6; materialistic clergy, 17:7-13; treachery and idolatry, 18; self-indulgence, 19:1-10; selfish lack of hospitality, 19:11-21; debauched immorality, 19:22-21:25)

Key People:  Othniel, Ehud (the left-handed judge, 3:15), Eglon, Deborah and Barak, Gideon, Jephthah, Samson, Delilah, Micah, a Levite

Key Verses:  2:10-23, 3:7-11, 4:8-9, 6:11-24, 36-40, 7:1-25, 8:22-27, 11:30-40, 16:17-19, 23-30, 17:6, 26:25

Key Teachings:  We need to allow Jesus to conquer all areas in our life where Satan presently holds territory. (1:1-2:5)  Men need to take the primary leadership positions (4:8-9)  Our weakness does not prevent God from using us. (6:11-16)  God is gracious to us even when we doubt—Gideon's fleece. (6:36-40)  It is not the size of the army, but the size of the God in the army. (7)  We need to avoid Gideon's snare. (8:22-27)  We need to avoid making foolish vows to God like Jephthah did. (11:30-40)  We need not be like Samson and resist Satan's temptations. (16:4-21)

Ruth: Jesus our Kinsman Redeemer—symbolized by Boaz redeeming Ruth.

Key Events:  Elimelech, an Israelite, leaves Israel with his family and goes to Moab during a famine. (1:1-2)  Elimelech dies and his two sons marry Moabite women.  Then, the two sons die in Moab leaving Elimelech's wife and two daughters-in-law Ruth and Orpah still in Moab. (1:3-4)  Ruth chooses Naomi's God—the God of Israel. (1:8-18)  Naomi changes her name from Naomi (pleasant) to Mara (bitter). (1:19-22)  Boaz reaches out to Ruth. (2)  Ruth seeks out Boaz, and Boaz is receptive to her because he is in the family line of being a kinsman-redeemer to her. (3:1-11)  There is, though, a kinsman-redeemer that is closer in the family line than Boaz, so Ruth must wait. (3:12-14)  The kinsman-redeemer closer to Ruth in the family line than Boaz chooses not to redeem Ruth. (4:1-8)  Boaz redeems Ruth. (4:9-12)  Ruth, then, becomes part of the line of David and the future Messiah Jesus Christ. (4:13-22) See Matthew 1:5-6

Key People:  Elimelech, Naomi, Ruth, Boaz

Key Verses:  1:16-17, 4:9-10, 4:13-22 (Deuteronomy 25:5-6; Hebrews 2;14-18;
I Corinthians 6:20; Galatians 4:4-5)

Key Teaching:  Boaz, Ruth's kinsman-redeemer, is a type of Jesus of Jesus Christ our Kinsman Redeemer.

Old Testament Overview Studies

Old Testament Overview
Table of Contents
Old Testament Overview Outline
Old Testament Overview Genesis
Old Testament Overview Exodus to Deuteronomy
Old Testament Overview Furniture of the Tabernacle
Old Testament Overview Dress of Priests and High Priest
Old Testament Overview Dress of High Priest
Old Testament Overview Canaan: What Can it Teach Us?
Old Testament Overview Israel, God's Kingdom
Old Testament Overview Moses—Failure the Backdoor to Success
Old Testament Overview The Mosaic Covenant
Old Testament Overview The Ten Commandments
Old Testament Overview The Offerings
Old Testament Overview Uncleanness
Old Testament Overview The Priesthood
Old Testament Overview The Festivals
Old Testament Overview The Nazirite Vow
Old Testament Overview Joshua to Ruth
Old Testament Overview Prophecies of the Redeemer—Genesis to Ruth
Old Testament Overview I and II Samuel
Old Testament Overview Saul and David Compared
Old Testament Overview Jonathan and David Compared
Old Testament Overview The Davidic Covenant
Old Testament Overview I And II Kings
Old Testament Overview Israel's and Judah's Kings
Old Testament Overview Divided Kings who Divided
Old Testament Overview Criticisms of God's Actions in the Old Testament
Old Testament Overview Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther
Old Testament Overview Ruth and Esther Compared
Old Testament Overview Job to Song of Solomon
Old Testament Overview Proverbs: Wise Man or Fool?
Old Testament Overview Isaiah
Old Testament Overview Jeremiah
Old Testament Overview Daniel
Old Testament Overview Hosea
Old Testament Overview Joel
Old Testament Overview Amos
Old Testament Overview Obadiah
Old Testament Overview Jonah
Old Testament Overview Micah
Old Testament Overview Nahum
Old Testament Overview Habakkuk
Old Testament Overview Zephaniah
Old Testament Overview Haggai
Old Testament Overview Zechariah
Old Testament Overview Malachi