Download This  Study For Free!


Please feel free to Download this study.

ISRAEL'S FESTIVALS

Festival
Their Time
Our Time
Purpose
Scriptures
Sacrifices
1. Sabbath
every
7th day
every
7th day
Commemorates 7th day when God rested (typical of our rest in Christ - Matt 11:28
Heb 3:11, 4:3-5
Exodus 20:8-11,
31:12-17;
Lev 23:1-3
Num
28:9, 10
Deut 16:1-8
Burnt: 2 lambs
Meal & Drink
2. Passover
1st month
14th day
April
Symbolizes deliverance from Egypt (typical of deliverance from our bondage to sin through Jesus Christ's death - I Cor 5:7,8 Exodus 12:1-13
Lev 23:5-8
Num 28:16-25
Deut 16:1-8
Passover lamb
Unleavened
Bread
1st month
15-21 days
April
(Typical of need for separation from sin - I Cor 5:7,8
See above
Daily for a week:
Unleavened bread
Burnt: 2 bulls, 1 ram, 7 lambs
Sin: 1 goat
Meal & Drink
(each day)
First Fruits
1st month
16th day
April
(Symbolizes thanksgiving for beginning of harvest) (typical of Christ the first fruits of those who will raise from the dead - I Cor 15:20-22) Lev 23:9-14 Burnt: 1 lamb
Meal & Drink
3. Pentecost
7 weeks after
Passover
June
Offering of the first fruits to God (in the forms of two loaves of bread - Lev 23:16:17) (Typical of church, Acts 2, the 1st harvest of Christmas) Exodus 34:22
Lev 23:15-22
Num 28:26-31
Deut 16:9-12
Burnt: 2 bulls, 1 ram,
7 male lambs
Sin: 1 goat
Meal & Drink
4. Trumpets
7th month
Sept.
Sets apart 7th month to God (7th month of religious year and first month of civil year) (typical of the rapture and the return of Christ - I Thess 4:16,17; I Cor 15:52) Lev 23:23-25;
Num 29:1-6
Burnt: 1 bull,
1 ram & 7 male lambs
Sin: 1 goat
Meal & Drink
(plus new moon offerings)
5. Day of Attonement
7th month
10th day
October
Atonement for all sin of Irsael (Good Friday of Old Testament) (typical of Jesus Christ's death for the sins of all amnkind - Heb 9:11,12) (and final cleansing of Israel - Zech 12:10, 13:1) Exodus 30:10;
Lev 23:26-32; 16:1-34;
Num 29:7-11
Burnt: 1 bull,
1 ram, 7 male lambs
Sin: 1 bull,
1 goat,
1 scapegoat
Meal & Drink
6. Tabernacles
7th month
October
Commemorates wilderness journey Exod 23:16b; Lev 23:43 (typical of millennial reign of Christ - Zech 14:16) Lev 23:34-42;
Num 29:12-38;
Deut 16:13-15, 31:9-13
Burnt: 71 bulls, 1 ram,
105 lambs,
8 goats
Meal & Drink
7. Sabbatical Year
every
7th year (begins in 7th month)
every
7th year
Period of grace:
(1) rest for soil
(2) fruits of ground
were free to the poor
(3) debtors freed from
their debts
Exodus 23:10,11;
Lev 25:2-7;
Deut 15:1-18
 
8. Year of
Jubilee
every
50th year
every
50th year
Period of grace:
(1) rest for soil
(2) land redeemed
(3) slaves set free
Lev 25:8-55, 27:16-25  
9. New Moon
first day of each month
new moon
Sets apart months to God Num 10:10, 28:11-15 Burnt:
2 bulls,
1 ram,
7 lambs
Sin: 1 goat
Meal & Drink
10. Daily offerings
daily (evening and morn.)
daily (evening and morn.)
The continual need of a sacrifice to cleanse from sin Exod 29:38-42;
Num 28:1-8
Burnt: lamb
(morn. & evening)
Meal & Drink