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Old Testament Overview - Israel's Festivals

Festival
Their Time
Our Time
Purpose
Scriptures
Sacrifices
1. Sabbath
every
7th day
every
7th day
Commemorates 7th day when God rested (typical of our rest in Christ - Matt 11:28
Heb 3:11, 4:3-5
Exodus 20:8-11,
31:12-17;
Lev 23:1-3
Num
28:9, 10
Deut 16:1-8
Burnt: 2 lambs
Meal & Drink
2. Passover
1st month
14th day
April
Symbolizes deliverance from Egypt (typical of deliverance from our bondage to sin through Jesus Christ's death - I Cor 5:7,8 Exodus 12:1-13
Lev 23:5-8
Num 28:16-25
Deut 16:1-8
Passover lamb
Unleavened bread
Burnt: 2 oxen, 1 ram, 7 lambs
Sin: 1 goat
Meal & Drink
(each day)
Unleavened
Bread
1st month
15-21 days
April
(Typical of need for separation from sin - I Cor 5:7,8
See above
 
First Fruits
1st month
16th day
April
(Symbolizes thanksgiving for beginning of harvest) (typical of Christ the first fruits of those who will raise from the dead - I Cor 15:20-22) Lev 23:9-14 Burnt: 1 lamb
Meal & Drink
3. Pentecost
7 weeks after
Passover
June
Offering of the first fruits to God (in the forms of two loaves of bread - Lev 23:16:17) (Typical of church, Acts 2, the 1st harvest of Christmas) Exodus 34:22
Lev 23:15-22
Num 28:26-31
Deut 16:9-12
Burnt: 2 oxen, 1 ram,
7 male lambs
Sin: 1 goat
Meal & Drink
4. Trumpets
7th month
Sept.
Sets apart 7th month to God (7th month of religious year and first month of civil year) (typical of the rapture and the return of Christ - I Thess 4:16,17; I Cor 15:52) Lev 23:23-25;
Num 29:1-6
Burnt: 1 ox & 7 male lambs
Sin: 1 goat
Meal & Drink
(plus new moon offerings)
5. Day of Attonement
7th month
10th day
October
Atonement for all sin of Irsael (Good Friday of Old Testament) (typical of Jesus Christ's death for the sins of all amnkind - Heb 9:11,12) (and final cleansing of Israel - Zech 12:10, 13:1) Exodus 30:10;
Lev 23:26-32; 16:1-34;
Num 29:7-11
Burnt: 1 oxen,
1 ram, 7 male lambs
Sin: 1 oxen,
1 goat,
1 scapegoat
Meal & Drink
6. Tabernacles
7th month
October
Commemorates wilderness journey Exod 23:16b; Lev 23:43 (typical of millennial reign of Christ - Zech 14:16) Lev 23:34-42;
Num 29:12-38;
Deut 16:13-15, 31:9-13
Burnt: 71 oxen,
7 male lambs,
105 lambs,
8 goats
Meal & Drink
7. Sabbatical Year
every
7th year (begins in 7th month)
every
7th year
Period of grace:
(1) rest for soil
(2) fruits of ground
were free to the poor
(3) debtors freed from
their debts
Exodus 23:10,11;
Lev 25:2-7;
Deut 15:1-18
 
8. Year of
Jubilee
every
50th year
every
50th year
Period of grace:
(1) rest for soil
(2) land redeemed
(3) slaves set free
Lev 25:8-55, 27:16-25  
9. New Moon
first day of each month
new moon
Sets apart months to God Num 10:10, 28:11-15 Burnt:
2 oxen,
1 ram,
7 lambs
Sin: 1 goat
Meal & Drink
10. Daily offerings
daily (evening and morn.)
daily (evening and morn.)
The continual need of a sacrifice to cleanse from sin Exod 29:38-42;
Num 28:1-8
Burnt: lamb
(morn. & evening)
Meal & Drink

 

Old Testament Overview Studies

Old Testament Overview
Table of Contents
Old Testament Overview Outline
Old Testament Overview Genesis
Old Testament Overview Exodus to Deuteronomy
Old Testament Overview Furniture of the Tabernacle
Old Testament Overview Dress of Priests and High Priest
Old Testament Overview Dress of High Priest
Old Testament Overview Canaan: What Can it Teach Us?
Old Testament Overview Israel, God's Kingdom
Old Testament Overview Moses—Failure the Backdoor to Success
Old Testament Overview The Mosaic Covenant
Old Testament Overview The Ten Commandments
Old Testament Overview The Offerings
Old Testament Overview Uncleanness
Old Testament Overview The Priesthood
Old Testament Overview The Festivals
Old Testament Overview The Nazirite Vow
Old Testament Overview Joshua to Ruth
Old Testament Overview Prophecies of the Redeemer—Genesis to Ruth
Old Testament Overview I and II Samuel
Old Testament Overview Saul and David Compared
Old Testament Overview Jonathan and David Compared
Old Testament Overview The Davidic Covenant
Old Testament Overview I And II Kings
Old Testament Overview Israel's and Judah's Kings
Old Testament Overview Divided Kings who Divided
Old Testament Overview Criticisms of God's Actions in the Old Testament
Old Testament Overview Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther
Old Testament Overview Ruth and Esther Compared
Old Testament Overview Job to Song of Solomon
Old Testament Overview Proverbs: Wise Man or Fool?
Old Testament Overview Isaiah
Old Testament Overview Jeremiah
Old Testament Overview Daniel
Old Testament Overview Hosea
Old Testament Overview Joel
Old Testament Overview Amos
Old Testament Overview Obadiah
Old Testament Overview Jonah
Old Testament Overview Micah
Old Testament Overview Nahum
Old Testament Overview Habakkuk
Old Testament Overview Zephaniah
Old Testament Overview Haggai
Old Testament Overview Zechariah
Old Testament Overview Malachi