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Old Testament Overview - The Mosaic Covenant

THE MOSAIC COVENANT

TermsConditional (Exod. 19:4-6; Deut. 5:32, 33, 28:1-2, 15)
1. Dependent on Israel's obedience
2. Describes God's requirements that must be met before He will fulfill His promise to Israel
3. A covenant of works

Promises:  Israel's obedience will result in . . .
1. Israel becoming a nation separated unto God (a kingdom of priests,
Exod. 19:4-6) (a holy nation, Deut. 7:6)
2. Blessings (Exod. 15:26; 23:20-32; Lev. 26:3-13; Deut. 7:6-24, 28:1-14)

Disobedience results in curses (Lev. 26:14-43; Deut. 28:15-68)

Purposesto lead Israel and us to Christ
1. To expose man's sinfulness (Gal. 3:19; Rom. 5:20, 7:5, 7, 8:7)
2. To produce death (Rom. 5:20-21, 7:5) (so we can see our need for God's grace and Christ's life)
3. To watch over us until we are made new in Christ (Gal. 3:23-25)

Results: It humbles us.
1. It shows us that we cannot handle a covenant that is dependent in any way on our holiness. (Deut. 5:27-29; Isa. 64:6; Jer. 17:9; Rom. 3;10-23)
2. It shows that we need a new covenant. (Jer. 31:33-34; Ezek. 36:24-28)
(The old covenant is a picture of how God would through a new covenant reunite Himself with man—it reveals also our total inability to accomplish this ourselves.)

 

The Mosaic Covenant compared to the Abrahamic Covenant
1. It is a different covenant than the Abrahamic Covenant. (Deut. 5:2-3)
2. The Abrahamic Covenant is unconditional. (It did not depend on the obedience of the Israelites.) (The Mosaic Covenant is conditional on Israel's obedience.) (Gal. 3:15-18)
3. Mosaic Covenant—a covenant of works (God's holy requirements cannot be ignored.)
4. Abrahamic Covenant—a covenant of promise (No requirements are mentioned; God will unconditionally bless Israel.)
5. The Mosaic Covenant did not replace the Abrahamic Covenant. (Gal. 3:17-19)
6. The Mosaic Covenant can be interrupted by disobedience (Deut. 28:15); the Abrahamic Covenant cannot be interrupted. (Lev. 26:42, 44-45; Micah 7:18-20)

Old Testament Overview Studies

Old Testament Overview
Table of Contents
Old Testament Overview Outline
Old Testament Overview Genesis
Old Testament Overview Exodus to Deuteronomy
Old Testament Overview Furniture of the Tabernacle
Old Testament Overview Dress of Priests and High Priest
Old Testament Overview Dress of High Priest
Old Testament Overview Canaan: What Can it Teach Us?
Old Testament Overview Israel, God's Kingdom
Old Testament Overview Moses—Failure the Backdoor to Success
Old Testament Overview The Mosaic Covenant
Old Testament Overview The Ten Commandments
Old Testament Overview The Offerings
Old Testament Overview Uncleanness
Old Testament Overview The Priesthood
Old Testament Overview The Festivals
Old Testament Overview The Nazirite Vow
Old Testament Overview Joshua to Ruth
Old Testament Overview Prophecies of the Redeemer—Genesis to Ruth
Old Testament Overview I and II Samuel
Old Testament Overview Saul and David Compared
Old Testament Overview Jonathan and David Compared
Old Testament Overview The Davidic Covenant
Old Testament Overview I And II Kings
Old Testament Overview Israel's and Judah's Kings
Old Testament Overview Divided Kings who Divided
Old Testament Overview Criticisms of God's Actions in the Old Testament
Old Testament Overview Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther
Old Testament Overview Ruth and Esther Compared
Old Testament Overview Job to Song of Solomon
Old Testament Overview Proverbs: Wise Man or Fool?
Old Testament Overview Isaiah
Old Testament Overview Jeremiah
Old Testament Overview Daniel
Old Testament Overview Hosea
Old Testament Overview Joel
Old Testament Overview Amos
Old Testament Overview Obadiah
Old Testament Overview Jonah
Old Testament Overview Micah
Old Testament Overview Nahum
Old Testament Overview Habakkuk
Old Testament Overview Zephaniah
Old Testament Overview Haggai
Old Testament Overview Zechariah
Old Testament Overview Malachi