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BIBLE INTERPRETATION
INTERPRETING "TYPES"

A "type" can be defined as a "symbol that prophesies."  The Bible is unique in that is God's Word and that it was written over a period of 1500 years.  In the Old Testament part of the Bible, God uses "types" to predict what would happen at a future time.  "Types" are persons, events, or things in the Old Testament that predict something that is later to occur.  The most common form of "types" are Old Testament "types" of Jesus Christ.  Much of the "types" were fulfilled in the New Testament.  But, there are "types" from the Old Testament that are yet to be fulfilled.  Many of the "types" are clearly explained as "types" in The New Testament.  Sometimes, though, teachers can be very creative and inventive, and come up with "types" from the Bible that are not actually intended by God to be "types".  The following are some examples of "types" that may or may not be authentic "types.  The first list is a list of "types' that are clearly backed up by the Bible.  The second list is not so clearly backed up by the Bible.

EXAMPLES OF "TYPES" THAT ARE CLEARLY BACKED UP BY SCRIPTURE

1. The Passover - a type of Jesus Christ's death for us (I Corinthians 5:7)

2. The Temple - a type of how Jesus Christ's death opened up the way to a
    relationship with God (Hebrews 8:1-10:18; particularly 8:5 and 9:24)

3. Melchizadek - a type of Jesus the King/Priest, not in the order of the
    Aaronic priesthood (Genesis 14:17-20; Psalm 11:4; Hebrews 6:20-7:28)

4. Jonah's time in the great fish - a type of Jesus' resurrection after 3 days
    (Matthew 12:39-40)

5. The Sabbath rest and the rest in the Promised Land at the end of the     wilderness' wanderings - a type of our rest in Christ (Hebrews 3:7-4:11)

6. Sarah and Hagar - types of being under grace and under the law
    (Galatians 5:21-31)

7. Antioches Epiphanes - a type of the future Antichrist (Antioches - Daniel     11:21-35; the Antichrist - Daniel 11:36-45)

8. Aaron - a type of Jesus the High Priest (Hebrew 8:1-10:18)

9. Abraham - a type of all who believe in Jesus Christ (Romans 4:16-24)

10. The bronze snake - a type of Christ's death on the cross and looking to him       on the cross for salvation (Numbers 21:8,9; John 3:14,15)

11. The Flood - a type of our salvation symbolized by baptism (I Peter 3:20,21)

12. David - a type of Jesus (Psalm 16:8-10; Psalm 22)

13. David and Solomon - a type of the future kingdom of Jesus Christ (II Samuel
     12-14; Hebrews 1:5)

14. Elijah - a type of John the Baptist (Malachi 4:5; Luke 1:17; Matthew      11:13,14; 17:11-13)

EXAMPLES OF "TYPES" THAT ARE NOT CLEARLY BACKED UP BY SCRIPTURE

1. Abraham offering Isaac as a sacrifice - a type of God offering His Son as a
    sacrifice for us (it occurs on the same mountain where Jesus died; Hebrews
    11:17-19 - Abraham believed that Isaac could be resurrected as Jesus was)

2. Joseph - a type of Jesus' rejection by His own people who ultimately becomes     a ruler

3. Joshua - a type of Jesus' return to conquer the world

4. Egypt, the wilderness waundering, and the Promised Land - a type of the     stages of the life of one who becomes a Christian (Egypt: our former slavery     to Satan; wilderness: the Christian life lived under the law; Promised Land -     the victorious Christian life under grace; Hebrews 3:7-4:11; I Corinthians     10:1-11)

5. The middle room of the Tabernacle - a type of our present Christian life
    (Jesus is our light and bread; we have access to God through prayer)

Discussion Questions:
1. Do you believe that the "types"(?) in this last list are "types"?

2. Can you think of any other "types" that are questionable?