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What do the following phrases from Genesis 1:1 deny?

"In the beginning"      "God" "created"     "the heavens and the earth"

Examples: Atheism, Materialism, Pantheism, Polytheism, and the eternal

existence of matter.

The two primary approaches to Genesis 1-9

(1) The belief that what is written in Genesis 1-9 is exactly what happened.

The Bible describes the Earth as being created in seven 24 hour days:

1) When a first, second, third, etc. is placed before a day (third day, etc.) in

the Old Testament it refers to a 24 hour day 359 times in the OT, except in Hosea 6:1,2.

2) "Evening and morning" always refers to a 24 hour day (38 times outside

of Genesis).

3) The description of the Sabbath implies that the Creation week and a

seven-day week are exactly the same length (Exodus 20:9-11, 31:16,17)

According to the Bible, Genesis one is an historical account: "Jesus

replied. But at the beginning of Creation God made them male and female" (Mark 10:6) "Just as sin entered the world through one man and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all men sinned." (Romans 5:12) "For man did not come from woman, but woman from man." (I Corinthians 11:8) "For Adam was not deceived; it was the woman who was deceived and became a sinner." (I Timothy 2:13,14) "By faith we understand that the universe was formed at God's command so that what is seen was not made out of what was visible." (Hebrews 11:3)

(2) An attempt to fit the Bible into current evolutionary scientific

conclusions that the earth and universe evolved over millions of years. "Day-age" view – One day = a long period of time (for example, a day equals 1000 years – II Peter 3:8)

Problems: 1) Death, then, existed before Adam; Romans 5:12 says that death began with Adam.  2) At the end of 6 days all would not have been good as it says in Genesis 1:31.  Natural selection, where millions and millions would have died, is not good.  3) The genealogies in Genesis 5,11 can only include about 6-12 thousand years, not the millions of years proposed by evolutionary scientists.  4) Plants would have needed to exist for millions of years without insects to pollinate them (plants were created on day #3 and insects on day #6).

"Gap" view – Creation "became formless and empty" rather than "was formless and empty"; creating a gap of millions of years between creation and the recreation that took seven days.  The "gap" according to this view was a period that began when God judged Satan for his rebellion against Him.  Dinosaurs and prehistoric man, according to this view, lived during this gap.

Problems:  1) There would then have been death before Adam. Romans 5:12 says that death began with Adam.  2) All would not have been good on the sixth day (Genesis 1:31).  3) It is an unlikely translation of a few Hebrew words: "became" rather than "was"; "formless and empty" would mean judgment rather than "formless and empty."


1. Why did God at first create everything "formless and empty?  (Day #1, 1:2)
    It appears that the Potter started with formless clay, then gave it form.

2. What is the "expanse"? (Day #2, 1:6)  It appears to be the complex
     atmosphere, with its delicate balance.

3. The creation of plant life was the beginning of life.  Which is more likely, that
    God created life or that it came into being through some accidental process?
    (Day #3, 1:11,12)  We are unable to even create a sunflower seed.

4. What is the purpose of the Sun, moon, and the stars? (Day #4, 1:14-18)

5. What came first, the chicken or the egg? (Day #5, 1:20,21)
     According to these verses, the chickens came first and then produced eggs.

6. "According to their kind"  What is a "kind"? (Day #6, 1:24)  All we know from
     this verse is that a "kind" is that which will reproduce others like it.

7. "in our image"  "in his image"  How are we made in God's image?  Is it "our" or
     "His" image? (Day #6, 1:26,27)  We, like God, have mind, emotions and will.

8. "It is very good"  What is meant by "very good"? (Day #6, 1:31)

9. Why did God rest on the seventh day?  Did He need to rest? (Day #7, 2:2)
    Certainly, He did not need rest, but it did set the pattern for our day of rest.


THE "LOCAL" VIEW – To Noah, the Flood appeared to cover the whole earth, but it actually was only a large flood in his region.

THE "UNIVERSAL" VIEW – The flood covered all the earth just as it says in Genesis 6-9.

Biblical arguments:  1) All mankind came from Noah's sons (Genesis 9:1,19).   2) A local flood would not explain God's promise to never judge the world with a flood (Genesis 8:21, 9:11,15).  3) The Flood was 20' deep over the mountains (Genesis 7:19,20).  4) The Flood destroyed the earth and all the peoples of the earth (Genesis 6:13).  5) All the birds of the earth died (Genesis 6:7,17, 7:3, 22).  Birds could have flown away from a local flood.

Other arguments:1) There are traditions about a world-wide flood found all over the world.  2) The billions of fossils all over the world that require rapid burial in a flood.  3) The fossil graveyards give the appearance of having been formed by a catastrophic-rapid burial.  4) Sedimentary rock which is formed in water covers ¾ of the earth.


by John Morris; TORNADO IN A JUNKYARD by Perloff; THE CASE FOR A CREATOR by Lee Strobel; CREATION AND TIME by VanBebber and Taylor

ASSIGNMENT: Which of the following views about Creation and the Flood do

you believe: (Why?)  Creation: (1) Theistic evolution.  (2) Creation is seven 24 hour days.  Another view?  Flood: (1) A local flood.  (2) A universal flood.  How firm are you in your conclusions?