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JESUS CHRIST - HIS LAST DAYS

THE PASSION WEEK (traditional view)

Friday – Arrives in Bethany (Jn 12:1) (Saturday is not mentioned)
Sunday - Triumphal Entry (Palm Sunday) (Mk 11:1-11)
Monday - Second cleansing of the Temple (Mk 11:15-26) (first - Jn 2:12-17)
Tuesday - (1) Controversy with Jewish leaders (Mk 11:27-12:40)

(2) Mount Olivet Discourse (Matt 24, 25)
(3) Judas' bargain with Jewish leaders (Mk 14:10, 11)

Wednesday - Day of rest (not in Gospels, but gap of one day referred to -

Mk 14:1; Matt 26:2)

Thursday - (1) Passover meal (Mk. 14:12-31)

(2) Gethsemane (Mk 14:32-42)
(3) Jesus' arrest (Mk 14:43-52)

Friday - (1) Night trial, Annas (former High Priest) (before dawn) (Jn 18:12,13)

(2) Night trial, Caiaphas (High Priest) (before dawn) (Mk 14:53-72)
(3) Morning trial before Sanhedrin (Lk 22:66-71)
(4) First appearance before Pilate (Lk 23:1-5)
(5) Appearance before Herod Antipas (Lk 23:6-12)
(6) Second appearance before Pilate (Lk 23:13-25)
(7) Crucifixion (from 9AM-3PM) (Mk 15:16-41)
(8) Burial (before 6 PM) (beginning of the Sabbath) (Mk 15:42-47)

Saturday - Day in the tomb (the Sabbath)

Sunday - Resurrection (very early)

Appears to Mary Magdalene (Jn 20:26-29)
Appears to Peter (Lk 24:34; I Cor 15:5)
Appears to two disciples on road to Emmaus (Lk 24:13-32)
Appears to ten disciples (Thomas absent) (Jn 20:19-23)
Appears to eleven disciples (Thomas present) (Jn 20:26-29)
Appears to seven disciples at Sea of Galilee (Jn 21)
Appears to 500 in Galilee (I Cor 15:6)
Appears to James the Lord's brother (I Cor 15:7)
Appears to the Eleven in Jerusalem (Lk 24:50-53)

THE INJUSTICES OF THE SIX TRIALS

The Night Trials

1. Trials were not supposed to be held at night.
2. Trials were supposed to last 2 days unless accused was found to be innocent
    (to give accused time to gather a defense).
3. Judges were supposed to protect, not prosecute those on trial.
4. The court was not to search for witnesses against the one on trial (Matt     26:59)
5. Judges were not to force the accused to incriminate himself (Matt 26:63, 65,     66)

The Roman Trial

1. Pilate found him innocent (Lk 23:4,14).
2. Pilate scourged an innocent man (Lk 23:22).
3. Pilate gave the crowd the choice of freeing an innocent or a guilty man.  They
    chose the guilty man (Barabbas rather than Jesus - Mt 27:15-23).
4. Pilate murdered Jesus to save his job.  (He was deposed ten years later due     to Jewish charges against him.  He later committed suicide.)

SEVEN SAYING FROM THE CROSS:
    "Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing." (Lk. 23:34)      "I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise." (Luke 23:43)      "Dear woman, here is your son….Here is your mother" (Jn 19:26, 27)  "'Eloi,     Eloi, lama sabachthani?'---Which means, 'My God, my God, why have you     forsaken me?" (Mt 27:46)  " I am thirsty" (Jn 19:28)  "It is finished." (John     19:30)  "Father, into your hand I commit my spirit." (Lk 23:46)

EVIDENCE FOR THE RESURRECTION

1. 500 witnesses, some of whom were still alive when Paul wrote I Corinthians
    (about 25 years later) (I Cor 15:1-8).
2. Worship on Sunday - because Jesus rose from the dead on Sunday (Acts     20:7).
3. Baptism symbolizes the resurrection of Jesus Christ (Rm 6:4, 5)
4. The early Christians willingness to die martyrs' deaths.

WHY JESUS DIED ON THE CROSS

1. It was predicted in the Old Testament that Jesus, the God/man would die for
    our sins.
        The Passover lamb (I Cor 5:7); the sacrifices (Jn 1:29); Isaiah 53 predicts
        He would die for our sins (Isa 53:6, 12); Psalm 22 describes His death on
        the cross.  Someone said, "The atonement is the scarlet cord running         through every page in the entire Bible.  Cut the Bible anywhere and it         bleeds; it is red with redemption truth."
2. The holiness of God requires it (Hab 1:13): the love of God requires it (I John
    4:10); the sin of man requires it (Rom 6:23)
3. Jesus predicted He would die for our sins (Matt 16:21, 17:22, 23; Mk 10:45).
4. Only blood can pay for our sins (Leviticus 17:11; Hebrews 9:22).
5. The Gospel or the Good News is that Jesus died for our sins (I Cor 15:3-6;
    II Cor 5:21; I Pet 2:24, 3:18; Hebrews 9:27, 28)
6. He is the propitiation or atoning sacrifice for our sins (I Jn 2:2)

ASSIGNMENT:  1. Read Isaiah 53 and Psalm 22.  How many predictions of what

occurred when Jesus died on the cross can you find in these two chapters.

2. What do you learn about God from the Passion Week?


JESUS' LAST DAYS
A CONTROVERSIAL ISSUE

WHICH DAY WAS JESUS CRUCIFIED?

The Wednesday Theory

For:  1) Jesus said He would be in the grave 3 days and nights (Mt 12:40)

2) There is nothing said in Gospels about what happened on Wednesday.

Against: The Triumphal Entry would then have occurred on Saturday, the

Sabbath: (1) too far to travel on a Sabbath day (from Bethany to Jerusalem - Jn 12:12); (2) animals not allowed to carry burdens on the Sabbath (Ex 20:8-10); (3) the type of celebration that took place at the Triumphal Entry was not allowed on the Sabbath.

The Thursday Theory

For:  Jesus would have been killed at the same time the Passover lambs were
        killed, fulfilling the symbol that He is the Passover lamb (Jn 1:29; I Cor         5:7)

Against:  1) Jesus ate the meal of the Passover lamb (the Last Supper) (Mk

14:12, 16-18; Lk 22:7,814-16; Jn 13:1,2,4)

2) The Passover meal, then, would have been on Wednesday (But

Jesus said on Tuesday, "after two days is the feast of Passover"
Mt 26:2; Mk 14:1)

The Traditional Friday View

For: 1) Jesus ate the Passover on Thursday evening

2) "Three days and three nights" is a general expression referring to 3 days

(part of a day = a day) (part of Friday, all of Saturday, and part of Sunday) (OT examples: Genesis 42:17, 18; I Samuel 30:12,13; Genesis 42:17, 18; Esther 4:16, 5:1)

       3) In Matthew 27:63 the Pharisees believed that Jesus said He would rise
           on the third day, not after three days.
       4) All three theories do not equal exactly three days and three nights:
           Wednesday theory - 3 days and 4 nights; Thursday = 2 days and 3
           nights; Traditional view: in tomb on 3 different days

Against: John 18:28 and 19:14 seem to place the crucifixion before the Passover

meal (the Passover as a whole is probably being referred to)